Dominated to this day by the vast white marble complex of the Acropolis, Athens is a city that is very proud of its past. For a period of about three centuries, the Athens policy stood, if not in a position of supremacy unmatched among the cities of Hellas, then at least among the three most important politias. His young empire, although small by the standards set by Alexander or Rome, or even by the ancient enemies of Persia, still includes cities as far as Asia Minor and Southern Italy, an extraordinary fact considering that expansion was reached by residents of one city and its immediate surroundings, not by the whole nation. For much of its history, the Athenian navy was the only strongest force in the Mediterranean, after defeating the extraordinary Persian forces in open sea battles several times. The Athenian army, despite being under its naval power - supporting the fact that trade and construction of the empire had made Athens rich - did not need to be ridiculed, because it defeated the humiliating defeat of the Persian Darius in Marathon But despite the war tradition, if taken as a whole, nothing except the Spartans, Athena was especially remembered for two reasons: its political system, which in time would form the core of all Western democratic government systems, and a large number of extraordinary individuals who, during Athens's Golden Age, lived and flourished in the country enlightened city. Ancient Athens formed the backbone of all Western cultures, from art to philosophy and everything in between. In almost all fields of human endeavor, Athens is very at the forefront of dynamics and innovation so that the products of its brightest mind remain not only influential but fully relevant today. In the field of medicine, great physician Hippocrates not only developed practical knowledge about human anatomy and gave care but changed the entire face of the medical profession. The great Athenian philosophers, people like Aristotle, Socrates, and Plato, interrogated themselves with the surprising complexity of good and evil nature, questioned the existence of divinity, advocated intelligent design, and went further by arguing that all life consists of particles very small. Great architects and sculptors such as Phidias produced stunning realism and surprising dynamism so that they later formed the driving force behind the rise of sculptures during the Renaissance and functioned as masters for artists such as Michelangelo, Bernini, and Donatello. Dramatic dramas such as Aristophanes not only feature acrobatic intelligence and genius for political innuendo so that their works continue to be carried out - and delivered - to this day, and they are the inspiration for almost all drama writers from Shakespeare to the present day. And this does not take into account the equally brilliant number of mathematicians, natural philosophers, historians, astronomers, and politicians that are maintained and produced by the great schools in the city. Further development of Greek civilization was made possible by increased trade between cities and other civilizations. Trade is the main job because of the scarcity of agricultural land in most of the mountainous region of the Balkan peninsula. The Athenian policy, in particular, took over economic domination in the Aegean since the 6th century BC. The consequence of increasing wealth, resources, and population allows cultural revival. Trade, in turn, led to the emergence of a rich class of aristocrats who had free time to devote themselves to learning, philosophy and art. This also causes the industrial class of free people who ar
How it works:
1. Register a free 1 month Trial Account.
2. Download as many books as you like (Personal use)
3. Cancel the membership at any time if not satisfied.